What the National Curriculum says:
PURPOSE OF STUDY
English has a pre-eminent place in education and in society. A high quality education in English will teach pupils to write and speak fluently so that they can communicate their ideas and emotions to others through their reading and listening, others can communicate with them. Through reading in particular, pupils have a chance to develop culturally, emotionally, intellectually, socially and spiritually. Literature especially plays a key role in such development. Reading also enables pupils both to acquire knowledge and to build on what they already know. All the skills of language are essential to participating fully as a member of society; pupils therefore who do not learn to speak, read and write fluently and confidently are effectively disenfranchised.
- Read easily, fluently with good understanding
- Develop the habit of reading widely and often for both pleasure and information
- Acquire a wide vocabulary, an understanding of grammar and knowledge of linguistic conventions for reading, writing and spoken language
- Appreciate our rich and varied literacy heritage
- Write clearly, accurately and coherently, adapting language and style in and for a range of contexts, purposes and audiences.
- Use discussion in order to learn, they should be able to elaborate and explain clearly their understanding and ideas
- Are competent in the arts of speaking and listening, making formal presentations, demonstrating to others and participating in debate.
Spoken language underpins the development of reading and writing. The quality and variety of language that pupils hear and speak are vital for developing their vocabulary and grammar and their understanding for reading and writing.
Spelling, Vocabulary, Grammar, Punctuation and Glossary
Opportunities to enhance pupils vocabulary arises naturally from their reading and writing. Pupils should be taught to use standard English. Grammar is taught and integrated within teaching.
The programme of study for reading in Key Stage 1 and 2, consists of two dimensions
- word reading
- comprehension (both listening and reading)
The programme of study for writing in Key Stage 1 and 2, are constructed similarly to those for reading:
- transcript (spelling and handwriting)
- Composition (articulating ideas and structuring them in speech and writing).